Hand foot and mouth disease is a common viral infection that usually affects young children. It is not to be confused with hoof and mouth disease which affects cattle. The disease is caused by a number of different viruses, including Coxsackie A virus, echovirus, and enterovirus. Symptoms include fever, sore throat, headache, mouth sores, poor appetite, and a rash on the hands and feet.
How long can hand, foot and mouth germs survive?
The viruses that cause hand foot and mouth disease can survive for a long time outside of the body. In fact, they can remain infectious for up to two hours on hard surfaces like tables or countertops. They can also be spread through coughing and sneezing.
What are the risk factors of the disease?
There are a few risk factors that can increase a child's chances of getting this disease. The first is age. Children under the age of five years old have not had time to build up their immunity against many different infections, so they tend to get sick more often than older children or adults do. The other main risk factor is contact with someone who already has the virus. The incubation period for this illness is anywhere from three to six days, so a child can get it before any symptoms show up.
How long is a person with hand, foot and mouth disease contagious?
The virus that causes this disease can be passed from person to person through respiratory droplets. This means that if an infected person coughs or sneezes near any close contact, they are at risk of getting the illness too. It is also possible for someone who has not been exposed to catch it from direct contact with an infected person's saliva or respiratory secretions (for example, sharing food utensils).
The disease is contagious from the time symptoms begin to show up until all of them have disappeared. A child may be contagious before they show any symptoms and continue being contagious until all blisters have completely healed up. It can take anywhere from seven to ten days for this illness to run its course.
Children are usually most infectious during the first three days after they start showing symptoms. This means that many kids go back home before they realize their illness is contagious. For this reason, it is important for parents to keep a close eye on their children during the early stages of this illness.
How is hand foot and mouth disease treated?
There is no specific treatment or cure for hand foot and mouth disease. However, there are some things that can be done to help relieve the symptoms. These include:
1) Drinking plenty of fluids: A child with hand, foot and mouth disease should drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated. This will help to replace the fluids that are lost through fever, vomiting, and diarrhea.
2) Taking over-the-counter medications: If pain or fever begins, medications like Ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help to reduce the symptoms. However, parents should consult with their pediatrician or a doctor from a disease control centre before giving any medications to a child.
3) Using home remedies: There are a few home remedies that parents can try to help their child feel better. These include using ice packs on the feet and hands, giving children cold drinks, and sucking on ice chips or popsicles.
What other precautions can be taken to prevent the spread of the disease?
This disease is very contagious, so it is critical to take precautions to prevent its spread. Parents and caregivers should wash their hands thoroughly with water and Esemtan skin cleanser, Octenisan Wash Lotion (for severe sensitive hands) or soap after touching an infected child or a contaminated surface. In addition, they can also use a hand sanitizer. Children who are old enough should be taught how to do this as well, since it can help to stop the spread of many other diseases as well!
Parents, caregivers and children should also avoid contaminated surfaces like toys, doorknobs, faucets or tables that may be contaminated with saliva or respiratory secretions from a person who has hand foot mouth disease. If it is necessary to touch one of these items, parents should wear gloves and wash their hands thoroughly afterwards.